09 Apr 2021

Ethiopia And Egypt Agreement

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This approach has several advantages over a simple water-sharing contract. First, it will provide a platform for the establishment of a common institutional mechanism for coordinating and implementing the GERD agreements. Second, the overall framework could be designed to take into account responses to unforeseen changes, including coordination of future projects and climate change. The scale and conditions of future Nile management, conservation or development initiatives could also be determined in advance. Finally, it will be more likely to create the legitimacy of the agreement by characterizing the Nile issue as a challenge to the management of common rights and responsibilities, not the distribution of water quotas. The resulting sustained support for the agreement will enable it to survive political changes within the signatory countries. An agreement between Ethiopia, Egypt and Sudan on the great Ethiopian Renaissance dam is within reach, with the United Nations ready to support the talks and the African Union`s process to resolve the remaining disputes, the Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs and Peacemaking at the Security Council said in a video conference on 29 June. Given that the conflict between Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan over GERD appears to be one of the most pressing issues in the region, it may be desirable to focus on ensuring a trilateral agreement that will initially guarantee peace between these three countries. Other riparian countries may then be brought into the country either through the Nile Basin Initiative (NBI) or another regional framework in order to reach a binding agreement for all states. While Egypt and Sudan are likely to oppose efforts to involve other upstream residents in negotiations or to allow a regional organization such as ICE to serve as an enforcement body, they must understand that the Nile is a regional river and that its management must be approached from a regional perspective.

Conciliation is at the heart of differences of opinion between Egypt and Ethiopia on a dispute resolution mechanism. Ethiopia opposes arbitration and fears that it will impose a water-sharing plan and thus significantly limit its development; Limit the use of the dam and encroaches on their sovereignty. The agreement to resume talks was reached at an African Union (AU) meeting chaired by South African President Cyril Ramaphosa. Three countries will reach a “final agreement” in two weeks, Ethiopia announces after the African Union`s online summit. The representative of France, the President of the Council for the month of June, spoke in his national capacity and said that every effort should be made to avoid an escalation of tensions. Last week`s discussions, under the aegis of the South African President, must continue in a constructive spirit. “A mutually beneficial agreement would make this dam an opportunity for development and prosperity for all the peoples of the region, not a factor of tension and division,” he said, calling on all parties to respect international law and related conventions, as well as the declaration of principles adopted by the three parties in 2015.

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